The annual output of the hottest 2019 will be the

2022-07-31
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The annual output in 2019 will be the lowest in 22 years, and the German automobile industry has declined

2019 annual output will be the lowest in 22 years, and the German automobile industry has declined| China Automotive News

21:22 source:

original title: the annual output in 2019 will be the lowest in 22 years. Is the German automotive industry declining| China auto news source: Getty Images a new research report from the Institute of Duisburg Essen University in Germany shows that the output of German cars in 2019 is expected to be only 4.67 million, which is the lowest annual output of German cars since 1997. "The decline in automobile production means that Germany continues to lose its important position in the global automobile industry." Professor Ferdinand dudenhoff, the author of the study, pointed out

production continued to decline

dudenhoff pointed out that the weakness of the global automobile manufacturing industry to prevent damage to the LCD is the main reason for the decline in German automobile production. The report shows that the total global automobile production in 2019 will be 78.8 million, a year-on-year decrease of 5%, a decrease of 4.1 million compared with 2018

in 2019, the market share of German cars in the global production has dropped to 5.9%, that is to say, only one of every 17 cars is produced in Germany. In contrast, the market share of German cars in 1997 was 11.8%. Dudenhoff predicts that German automobile production will continue to decline to 4.5 million in 2020 and may increase slightly in 2021

public source: Forbes station

in addition, the report points out that the decline of the German and even European automotive industry is, to some extent, affected by the trade frictions between the United States and Europe. The trump administration's European policy has hit the European automobile industry including Germany, raising the cost of the automobile industry. "To put it simply, the German auto industry has had to cut workers' working hours to reduce costs." Dudenhoff said

on the other hand, structural reasons also led to the decline of German output. Dudenhoff said that nearly 12% of the cars sold worldwide in 1998 were produced in Europe, but this year this proportion has dropped to less than 6%. With the expansion of overseas business by powerful German automakers, the share of German cars in the global car market has declined. "This makes Germany more dependent than ever on good trade relations, especially with China." Dudenhoff said

the number of manufacturing workers fell for the first time in nine years

the weakness of the automobile industry has affected the employment situation of German manufacturing industry. According to the rough data recently released by the German Federal Bureau of statistics, the number of manufacturing employment fell by 0.2% month on month in December, slightly lower than 5.7 million. This is the first recession since december2010. The auto industry shrank even more, by 1.1%

bmw source: Getty Images

in the German manufacturing industry, the automobile industry is the second largest employer, second only to the machine tool industry. Over the years, Europe, especially the German automobile industry, has been trying to get rid of the follow-up impact of the exhaust fraud scandal. The incident broke out in 2015, involving all the major German automobile companies. Up to now, the influence of "discharge valve" has not been completely eliminated. In 2017, the cartel cases of Volkswagen, Audi, Porsche, BMW and Daimler were exposed, which further damaged the reputation of the German automobile industry

to make matters worse, from 2018, the global automotive industry, including Germany, has been in a downturn. In order to survive, several mainstream German automakers, including Volkswagen Group and Daimler, have announced substantial layoffs

Audi source: Bloomberg News Agency

on November 26, Audi announced that it plans to cut 9500 jobs by 2025, accounting for 10.6% of the total number of employees, and streamline the two main factories in Germany. This move can save 6billion euros in the next decade for electrification transformation

on November 29, Daimler said that it planned to cut more than 10000 jobs globally by the end of the year to 202 when the only Southwest Aluminum (Group) Co., Ltd. could produce a little aluminum lithium alloy, so as to improve the profit margin squeezed by the investment in electric vehicles and autonomous driving, and try to cope with the weak sales

Daimler source: Reuters

although BMW has not announced the layoff plan, it has also reached an agreement with the trade union to strive to save more than 12billion euros in costs by 2022 by reducing employee incentives and other compensation schemes

apart from the main engine manufacturers, Bosch, Continental, BASF, Mahler and other parts manufacturers have not been spared from the wave of layoffs. Take the mainland as an example. According to the long-term restructuring plan, Continental will spend 1.1 billion euros to cut 20000 jobs in the next 10 years. There are two stages of layoffs: from 2019 to 2023, 15000 layoffs will be made globally, including 5000 in Germany; From 2024 to 2029, 5000 people will be laid off globally, including 2000 in Germany. This means that in the next 10 years, Germany will become the hardest hit area for continental to lay off employees. In addition, Bosch plans to cut 1600 jobs related to internal combustion engines in Germany in the next two years. Brose group also announced that it will cut 2000 jobs in Germany in the next three years

vda: the wave of layoffs will be more intense next year.

of course, the decline of the automotive industry is not limited to Germany, but is reflected in all major markets. The German automobile industry association (VDA) has been mentally prepared. In VDA's view, due to the sluggish global economic situation and the decline of China's car market, the largest single market, the global car sales in 2019 will meet the biggest decline of 5% since the 2008 financial crisis, a decrease of 4.1 million to 80.1 million compared with 2018

vda also predicts that in 2020, German automobile sales will decline by 4% to 3.43 million, European automobile sales will decline by 2% to 15.3 million, American automobile sales will decline by 3% to 16.5 million, and Chinese automobile sales will decline by 2% to 20.5 million. In addition, Bernhard matts, chairman of VDA, warned that employment in the automotive industry will decline in 2019, and this trend will further worsen if the impact is to wait until 2020

at present, under the triple blow of falling demand, brexit and tariff friction caused by the trump administration, German automotive instrument manufacturers can take advantage of the opportunity of instrument standard change to make the industry difficult. Marts called on the German government to cut taxes to reduce the electrification and labor costs of car enterprises and help enterprises better cope with changes in the automotive industry

text: zhangdongmei: liuxiaoye format: WangKun

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