Some opinions on promoting the development of Chin

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Some opinions on promoting the development of China's modern paper industry

the author introduces: huzongyuan, professor level senior engineer. From 1979 to 1998, he worked in the Ministry of light industry and China Light Industry Association, and served as deputy director of the paper Bureau of the Ministry of light industry and director of the Department of foreign affairs. After retiring from the second tier, he served as the technical adviser of the Ministry of light industry, the counsellor of the Council of the Ministry of light industry, the adviser of the science and Technology Commission of the Ministry of light industry, and the technical adviser of the China Light Industry Federation. He officially retired in October, 1998. As early as July 1949, he graduated from the Department of chemical engineering of the Engineering College of Tianjin Beiyang University, and worked successively in Tianjin paper mill, Heilongjiang Jiamusi paper mill and Fujian Qingzhou Paper Mill. He once served as the director of Qingzhou Paper Mill. He received an award at the National Science Conference in 1978, participated in the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 1982, was elected to the Fourth National Committee of the China Association for science and technology in 1990, and was elected to the eighth Committee of the CPPCC National Committee in 1993. He used to be the executive vice president and Secretary General of China Paper Association. He is also the consultant and professor of pulp and paper engineering of South China University of technology and Tianjin Institute of light industry, and the scientific and technological consultant of Zhenjiang people's Government of Jiangsu Province

the development prospect of China's paper industry is good. In the new century, at the important moment when China's economic development takes off further, in the face of the general trend of economic globalization and the new situation of China's imminent accession to the WTO, I think it is necessary to appeal again that we must unify our understanding, seize the opportunity, seriously deal with the difficult problems facing the development of China's paper industry, and take some truly effective measures in combination with the national conditions, so as to promote the sustainability of China's paper industry Develop healthily

1 we must protect the environment, protect resources and adhere to sustainable development

China's paper industry is an industry closely related to resources and environment. As we all know, China's water resources are relatively poor, and China's paper industry is a large user of water, with large production water consumption. However, the water consumption of general paper mills abroad is not much, and the water consumption per ton of paper is only 10 ~ 20m3, or even less than 10m3, while the water consumption per ton of paper mills in China is as high as 100m3 or more. The comprehensive water consumption per ton of pulp and paper is 35 ~ 50m3 at the world level, while the comprehensive water consumption of pulp and paper in China is as high as 300m3, so there is great potential to save water. The paper industry is a big polluter. For a long time, China's paper industry not only uses a large amount of water for production, but also produces a large amount of wastewater, which is lack of good treatment, and has caused serious damage to the environment, especially the degree of environmental pollution caused by the production wastewater of small straw pulp mills, which has created a very bad impression on the society. The treatment of straw pulp wastewater pollution is indeed difficult. The state officially issued regulations that if paper mills cannot meet the emission targets, especially small straw pulp mills, they will stop production, and we should resolutely implement them. State administrative organs at all levels must vigorously and correctly guide and strengthen supervision and law enforcement. The shortage of water resources and the deterioration of water ecological environment have become the main problems in the future development of China's paper industry, which we must attach great importance to. In the 1960s, the pollution harm caused by the paper industry to the environment was also quite serious in some foreign paper-making developed countries. However, since the late 1960s, the environmental protection of the pulp and paper industry has adopted proportional electromagnets as electrical 1 Mechanical converters, and the treatment technology has made rapid progress. Today, it has been well solved to achieve cleaner production. Therefore, in the long run, in order to develop China's modern paper industry, I think we must change to wood as the main raw material. However, China is a country with poor forest resources and relatively short wood. In addition, recently, in order to protect forest resources and improve the ecological environment, the state has made regulations on forest cutting restrictions and bans. People can't help asking whether to turn off controllers and computers now; Put forward that the main raw material of papermaking in China should be transformed into wood? Successful international experience has proved that vigorous afforestation, especially the scientific cultivation of fast-growing and high-yield forests, and the planned establishment of a papermaking raw material forest base have not only developed forestry production, but also obtained reliable raw material sources for the papermaking industry. Forestry and papermaking can promote each other's development. This not only does not destroy forest resources, but also protects forest resources, improves the ecological environment and meets the requirements of sustainable development. At the same time, the technological progress of modern paper industry has not only reduced emissions and treated pollution, but also achieved the effect of saving resources, energy and improving product performance. Therefore, the development of China's paper industry must adhere to the national "sustainable development strategy" as the guiding principle, protect the environment, protect resources and achieve sustainable development

2 countries must rely on their own efforts to accelerate the development of production to meet the domestic paper market demand

China's paper industry is closely related to national economic growth and people's lives, and has always played an important role in the global industry. According to the ranking of the world's important industries by the world-famous Morgan Stanley Investment consulting company, the information and related manufacturing industry ranks first, the automotive industry ranks second, and the forestry and paper industry ranks third (Forestry and paper are inseparable), ranking ahead of the metallurgical, aerospace and aerospace industries. Therefore, the vast majority of developed countries and populous countries in the world attach great importance to and support the development of the paper industry and maintain its synchronous development with the national economic growth. Economically developed countries such as the United States, Japan, Canada and Northern Europe all take the paper industry as the national pillar industry, and all have developed paper industry, so most of them can become basically self-sufficient countries in paper (referring to the self-sufficiency rate of paper products can reach more than 80%). China is the most populous country in the world, but the per capita paper consumption level is still quite low. Facing the huge market prospect, how will China's paper industry develop in the future? Is it to continue to rely on expanding imports to meet the needs of this strong growth? Or do we rely on ourselves to accelerate development and strive to achieve basic self-sufficiency in paper (the self-sufficiency rate needs to be higher than 80%)? This is a major issue that we must take seriously at the beginning of the new century and the new millennium. If the development of the paper industry cannot achieve the basic self-sufficiency of paper, the country will bear a large amount of foreign exchange expenditure in the future, which will have a great impact on the entire national economy, and the country will be controlled by others in its future strategic position. We must attach great importance to and clearly understand its serious consequences. I think the only way out is to make greater efforts to speed up the development of paper production and try to meet the domestic market demand

3 China must seriously implement the construction funds for the development of the paper industry

China must strive to increase the domestic paper production capacity in order to accelerate development. At present, the state is formulating the "Tenth Five Year" development plan and the long-term plan for the next 15 years, and also proposes to add a certain amount of production capacity. Our paper industry, especially the modern paper industry, has a large construction investment. How to solve such a huge amount of money? Of course, it is impossible to rely entirely on state investment in the past. It is not easy to get loans from banks, and enterprises have to bear a huge debt burden, which may not be feasible. Facing the capital market, direct financing has become the main financing method that enterprises can choose, and the way of leading enterprises listing to raise funds is also effective. For the whole industry, the capital gap is so large that we can only explore multiple sources of funds and diversified ways of investment subjects. I think that an enterprise may be able to solve its own problems by finding ways and adopting different ways by itself, but from the overall perspective, it may be very difficult to fully implement the funds in the short term without the direct guidance, planning and arrangement of the state. I believe that the development of China's paper industry is related to the overall situation of national economic growth. The state must be determined to increase the necessary investment in China's paper industry and formulate preferential policies. Set aside a certain amount of funds for the development of papermaking for special use of major projects, or bring China's paper industry into the scope of national policy loans as soon as possible, and give priority support to policy loans. Therefore, in the face of the huge domestic paper product market, the state should seriously study a total of five levels, and take effective measures to support domestic enterprises to occupy, otherwise, China's paper industry will lose important development opportunities

4 we must speed up the overall adjustment and industrial upgrading of the industrial structure

China's acceleration of the overall adjustment and industrial upgrading of the industrial structure and efforts to narrow the gap with foreign countries is an important measure to accelerate the development of China's paper industry at present. In view of the current situation and problems of China's paper industry, relevant national departments have formulated overall plans and ideas, focusing on adjusting the raw material structure, product structure, enterprise scale structure and strengthening pollution control, and put forward corresponding main measures and policy recommendations, which are correct and comprehensive. I think the most critical thing at present is how to make these ideas and plans solidly and effectively implemented. In particular, the adjustment of raw material structure should be the top priority. As we know, papermaking raw material resources are the basis for the development of papermaking industry. Solving the problem of papermaking raw material structure in China is related to the strategic development of China's papermaking industry. Taking wood as the main raw material for papermaking, the integration of forest and paper management and large-scale production are the basic characteristics of the modern papermaking industry, and also the trend of the development of the world's papermaking industry. We must carefully study and learn from the development experience of the world's papermaking industry. Taking wood as the main raw material is the inevitable requirement of the modern paper industry's own technical and economic laws. In general, the characteristics of wood raw materials can meet the production of high-strength and high-quality products, adapt to the high speed, high efficiency and large-scale of modern paper-making, and can well solve the problem of environmental protection. This is the experience summary and development direction of the world paper industry. International experience has proved that in the developed countries of contemporary paper industry, forestry and paper industry have changed from mutual growth and decline to mutual promotion. The paper industry can make a lot of use of the "three leftovers" and thinning wood in the process of forest cutting and cultivation, which greatly improves the comprehensive utilization rate of forest resources and improves forestry benefits. The competition of the world paper industry promotes large-scale

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